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J Biol Chem. 1997 Nov 14;272(46):29174-80.

Generation of monoclonal antibodies to integrin-associated proteins. Evidence that alpha3beta1 complexes with EMMPRIN/basigin/OX47/M6.

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  • 1Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.


The alpha3beta1 integrin forms complexes with other cell-surface proteins, including transmembrane-4 superfamily (TM4SF) proteins (e. g. CD9, CD53, CD63, CD81, and CD82). To identify additional cell-surface proteins associated with alpha3beta1 integrin, a monoclonal antibody selection protocol was developed. Mice were immunized with integrin alpha3beta1-containing complexes isolated from HT1080 fibrosarcoma cells, and then 712 hybridoma clones were produced, and 95 secreted antibodies that recognized the HT1080 cell surface. Among these, 12 antibodies directly recognizing integrin alpha3 or beta1 subunits were eliminated. Of the remaining 83, 16 co-immunoprecipitated proteins that resembled integrins under non-stringent detergent conditions. These 16 included 15 monoclonal antibodies recognizing EMMPRIN/basigin/OX-47/M6, a 45-55-kDa transmembrane protein with two immunoglobulin domains. The EMMPRIN protein associated with alpha3beta1 and alpha6beta1, but not alpha2beta1 or alpha5beta1, as shown by reciprocal immunoprecipitation experiments. Also, association with alpha3beta1 was confirmed by cell-surface cross-linking and immunofluorescence co-localization experiments. Importantly, EMMPRIN-alpha3beta1 complexes appear not to contain TM4SF proteins, suggesting that they are distinct from TM4SF protein-alpha3beta1 complexes.

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