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Pflugers Arch. 1997 Dec;435(1):9-19.

Volume-sensitive chloride current activated by hyposmotic swelling in antral gastric myocytes of the guinea-pig.

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  • 1Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 28 Yongon-Dong, Chongno-Gu, Seoul 110-799, Korea.


The characteristics of volume-sensitive chloride current (ICl) induced by osmotic cell swelling were studied using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique and cell diameters of antral circular guinea-pig myocytes were simultaneously measured under isosmotic and hyposmotic conditions by using a video image analysis system. At -60 mV, osmotic cell swelling (200 mosmol/l) activated a sustained inward current. Instantaneous current/voltage (I-V) relations obtained by step voltage pulses showed an outward rectification. At potentials above +40 mV, the current exhibited time-dependent decay. The outward current amplitude was decreased and the reversal potential was shifted to more positive potentials by replacement of external Cl- with gluconate-, while the current amplitude and the I/V relation were not affected by replacing extracellular Na+ with N-methyl-D-glucamine. The anion permeability sequence of the swelling-induced current was I- (1.80) > Br- (1.31) > Cl- (1) > F- (0.85) > gluconate- (0.18). The ICl was effectively inhibited by the Cl- channel blockers, 4,4'-diisothiocyanatostilbene-2,2'-disulphonic acid (DIDS, 100 microM), and niflumic acid (10 microM). DIDS suppressed outward current more effectively than inward current. Also, the ICl was dose-dependently inhibited by arachidonic acid, an unsaturated fatty acid and also inhibited by other unsaturated fatty acids (linoleic acid and oleic acid) but not by stearic acid, a saturated fatty acid. The inhibitory effect of arachidonic acid on ICl was not prevented by indomethacin, a cyclo-oxygenase inhibitor and chelerythrine, a protein kinase C inhibitor. Under whole-cell patch-clamp conditions, the cell diameter was continuously measured using video image analysis, which reflects the change in cell volume. A hyposmotic-stimulation-induced increase of cell diameter was followed by ICl activation. In intact single gastric myocytes, relatively severe hyposmotic (176 mosmol/l) superfusing solution increased the cell diameter and the pretreatment with DIDS or with niflumic acid significantly potentiated the above effect of hyposmotic superfusion. These results suggest that volume-sensitive outwardly rectifying chloride current (ICl) is present in guinea-pig gastric myocyte and the ICl may play a role in smooth muscle cell volume regulation.

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