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Am J Physiol. 1997 Oct;273(4 Pt 1):G842-8.

cAMP increases liver Na+-taurocholate cotransport by translocating transporter to plasma membranes.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Tufts University School of Veterinary Medicine, North Grafton, Massachusetts 01536, USA.


Adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP), acting via protein kinase A, increases transport maximum of Na+-taurocholate cotransport within 15 min in hepatocytes (S. GrĂ¼ne, L. R. Engelking, and M. S. Anwer. J. Biol. Chem. 268: 17734-17741, 1993); the mechanism of this short-term stimulation was investigated. Cycloheximide inhibited neither basal nor cAMP-induced increases in taurocholate uptake in rat hepatocytes, indicating that cAMP does not stimulate transporter synthesis. Studies in plasma membrane vesicles showed that taurocholate uptake was not stimulated by the catalytic subunit of protein kinase A but was higher when hepatocytes were pretreated with cAMP. Immunoblot studies with anti-fusion protein antibodies to the cloned Na+-taurocholate cotransport polypeptide (Ntcp) showed that pretreatment of hepatocytes with cAMP increased Ntcp content in plasma membranes but not in homogenates. Ntcp was detected in microsomes, endosomes, and Golgi fractions, and cAMP pretreatment resulted in a decrease only in endosomal Ntcp content. It is proposed that cAMP increases transport maximum of Na+-taurocholate cotransport, at least in part, by translocating Ntcp from endosomes to plasma membranes.

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