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Am J Surg Pathol. 1997 Nov;21(11):1295-306.

Angiomyoid and follicular dendritic cell proliferative lesions in Castleman's disease of hyaline-vascular type: a study of 10 cases.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, New York University Medical Center, New York 10016, USA.

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  • Am J Surg Pathol 1998 Jan;22(1):139.


Castleman's disease of hyaline-vascular type (HV CD) may rarely be associated with a confusing variety of stromal cell overgrowths and neoplasms. We report here on the pathologic and clinical findings of 10 such cases. In addition to the usual complex histoimmunophenotype of the stroma of HV CD and some unusual features that mimicked neoplasms, we observed focal proliferations of angiomyoid (five cases) and follicular dendritic cell type (five cases). The former were nonneoplastic growths featuring compact tangles of spindle cells, exhibiting immunoreactivity for smooth muscle actin and interpreted as vessel-related pericytes and myoid cells. The latter were neoplastic growths of oval to spindle cells intermixed with lymphocytes; the tumor cells grew in long, intersecting bundles, featured various degree of atypia, and expressed the markers of follicular dendritic cells (CD21, CD35, KiM4p). The two types were clinically distinct. Four of five patients with angiomyoid proliferations were young women, who presented with an abdominal mass and were cured by surgery; that is, they had a clinical profile similar to that of patients with the stroma-rich variant of HV CD. The follicular dendritic cell proliferations were in older patients of either gender presenting with masses at various sites, recapitulating the profile of follicular dendritic cell tumors arising independently from HV CD; in three patients with long-term follow-up, recurrences or metastases developed at various intervals from the initial diagnosis (1 1/6, 3 1/2, and 11 years), and one patient died as a result. This study confirms the potential for, and the variety of, stromal cell proliferations in HV CD. Because their biologic behavior differs, correct identification of these various proliferative lesions is clinically important.

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