Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Surgery. 1997 Oct;122(4):699-703; discussion 703-5.

Implementation of a clinical pathway decreases length of stay and hospital charges for patients undergoing total colectomy and ileal pouch/anal anastomosis.

Author information

  • 1Department of Surgery, University of Cincinnati Medical Center, Ohio 45267-0558, USA.



Clinical pathways are increasingly being used by hospitals to improve efficiency in the care of certain patient populations; however, little prospective data are available to support their use. This study examined whether using a clinical pathway for patients undergoing ileal pouch/anal anastomosis, a complex procedure in which we had extensive practical experience, affected hospital charges or length of stay (LOS).


A clinical pathway was developed to serve patients undergoing elective total colectomy and ileal pouch/anal anastomosis. All operations were performed by two attending physicians (J.E.F., M.S.N.). Before implementation, 10 pilot patients were prospectively monitored to ensure that hospital charges were accurately generated. In addition, charge audits were performed by an outside agency to verify the accuracy of the hospital bills. The pathway was then implemented, and 14 patients were prospectively analyzed.


In all patients the principal diagnosis was ulcerative colitis, with the exception of three patients with familial polyposis. Mean external audit charges were within 2% of the hospital bills; therefore the hospital bills were used in all calculations. The mean LOS decreased from 10.3 days to 7.5 days (p = 0.046) for patients on the pathway versus pilot patients. Mean hospital charges also decreased significantly, from $21,650 to $17,958 per patient (p = 0.005).


Implementation of a clinical pathway, even for an operation in which the surgeon has much experience, is an effective method for reducing LOS and charges for patients. This is likely the result of interdisciplinary cooperation, elimination of unnecessary interventions, and streamlined involvement of ancillary services. These results support the development of clinical pathways for procedures that involve routine preoperative and postoperative care. In addition, the benefits of clinical pathways should increase proportionally with increasing case volume for a particular procedure.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk