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J La State Med Soc. 1997 Oct;149(10):388-92.

Free flap breast reconstruction: the LSU experience (1984-1996).

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  • 1Louisiana State University, New Orleans, USA.


From 1984 through 1996 the section of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery at Louisiana State Medical Center has performed over 330 breast reconstructive procedures with free flaps. Seven types of reconstructive procedures have been used during this time span, each with its specific salient positive and negative points. The breast reconstruction techniques included the use of (1) Superior Gluteal Myocutaneous Free Flap, (2) Superficial Inferior Epigastric Artery Flap, (3) Transverse Rectus Abdominis Myocutaneous Free Flap, (4) Deep Inferior Epigastric Perforator Flap, (5) Superior Gluteal Artery Perforator Flap, (6) Inferior Gluteal Artery Perforator Flap, and (7) Lateral Thigh Perforator Flap. The experience with these different methods of breast reconstruction has led us to believe that the ideal material for breast reconstruction is skin and fat, rather than muscle or prosthetic devices. At our institution we have evolved from the myocutaneous flap to the use of perforator flaps for breast reconstruction: the donor site morbidity is less, the 99% success rate is superior, and it allows more options with the perforator free flaps than ever realized with the myocutaneous free flap technique. We feel that, in the future, these perforator techniques will become the standard for autogenous breast reconstruction.

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