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Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1997 Oct;41(10):2184-7.

Pharmacokinetics of 1-(2-fluoro-5-methyl-beta-L-arabinofuranosyl)uracil in woodchucks.

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  • 1Department of Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmacy, University of Georgia, Athens 30602, USA.

Abstract

1-(2-Fluoro-5-methyl-beta-L-arabinofuranosyl)uracil (L-FMAU) is a nucleoside analog with potent in vitro activity against hepatitis B virus (HBV) and Epstein-Barr virus. The purpose of this study was to characterize the disposition of L-FMAU following oral and intravenous administration in the woodchuck animal model. The numerous similarities between woodchuck hepatitis virus and HBV infection justify the use of the woodchuck as an animal model for preclinical studies of anti-HBV agents in vivo. Woodchucks were given 25 mg of L-FMAU per kg of body weight intravenously and orally. Concentrations of L-FMAU in urine and plasma were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography. Following intravenous administration of 25 mg of L-FMAU per kg to woodchucks, total clearance was moderate, averaging 0.23 +/- 0.07 liter/h/kg. Renal clearance and nonrenal clearance averaged 0.13 +/- 0.08 and 0.10 +/- 0.06 liter/h/kg, respectively. The steady-state volume of distribution averaged 0.99 +/- 0.17 liter/kg, indicative of intracellular distribution of the nucleoside. The terminal-phase half-life of L-FMAU following intravenous administration averaged 6.2 +/- 2.0 h, and mean residence time averaged 4.5 +/- 0.8 h. Absorption of L-FMAU after oral administration was incomplete, and bioavailability was approximately 20%. Concentrations of L-FMAU in plasma remained above the in vitro 50% effective concentration of 0.026 microg/ml for HBV (C. K. Chu, T. Ma, K. Shanmuganathan, C. Wang, Y. Xiang, S. B. Pai, G.-Q. Yao, J.-P. Sommadossi, and Y.-C. Cheng, Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 39:979-981, 1995) for 24 h after both intravenous and oral administration of 25 mg of L-FMAU per kg.

PMID:
9333045
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC164090
Free PMC Article
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