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Br J Psychiatry. 1997 Jul;171:78-81.

Randomised controlled trial of psychological debriefing for victims of acute burn trauma.

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  • 1University of Wales College of Medicine, Cardiff. 101454.3011@compuserve.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Psychological debriefing (PD) is widely used following major traumatic events in an attempt to reduce psychological sequelae.

METHOD:

One hundred and thirty-three adult burn trauma victims entered the study. After initial questionnaire completion, participants were randomly allocated to an individual/couple PD group or a control group who received no intervention; 110 (83%) were interviewed by an assessor blind to PD status three and 13 months later.

RESULTS:

Sixteen (26%) of the PD group had PTSD at 13-month follow-up, compared with four (9%) of the control group. The PD group had higher initial questionnaire scores and more severe dimensions of burn trauma than the control group, both of which were associated with a poorer outcome.

CONCLUSION:

This study seriously questions the wisdom of advocating one-off interventions post-trauma, and should stimulate research into more effective initiatives.

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PMID:
9328501
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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