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Am J Pathol. 1997 Oct;151(4):911-7.

Amyloid A protein amyloidosis induced in apolipoprotein-E-deficient mice.

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  • 1First Department of Pathology, Yamaguchi University School of Medicine, Japan.


Apolipoprotein E (apoE) is a constituent of lipoproteins other than low-density lipoprotein, and it principally acts in the transport and metabolism of plasma cholesterol and triglyceride. ApoE is a minor constituent of various kinds of amyloidoses and may play a role as a pathological chaperone for fibrillogenesis of amyloid fibril protein with the amyloid P component and proteoglycans. In this study, we examined the role of apoE in amyloidogenesis in vivo in apoE-deficient mutant mice with amyloid A protein (AA) amyloidosis induced by inflammatory stimulation. Amyloid deposition was seen in six of nine C57BL/6J control mice and in six of eight apoE-deficient mutant mice after the intraperitoneal and subcutaneous injections of the mixture of complete Freund's adjuvant and Mycobacterium butyricum. Moreover, amyloid deposition in apoE-deficient mice as well as C57BL/6J control mice started 48 or 72 hours after injection of amyloid-enhancing factor and silver nitrate, although the amount of amyloid deposit in C57BL/6J control mice was slightly larger than that in apoE-deficient mice. These amyloid deposits reacted with anti-mouse AA antibody were seen in the perifollicular area of the spleen. Immunoreactivity of apoE was seen irregularly in the amyloid deposits of C57BL/6J control mice but not in the amyloid deposit of apoE-deficient mice. From these results, we concluded that apoE is not always necessary for amyloid deposition and that the existence of apoE might slightly accelerate AA amyloid deposition in the earliest phase of AA amyloid deposition.

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