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Pediatr Cardiol. 1997 Nov-Dec;18(6):401-5.

Prevalence of idiopathic long QT syndrome in children with congenital deafness.

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  • 1Department of Pediatric Cardiology, University of Ankara, Cebeci Kampüsü, 06590 Ankara, Turkey.

Abstract

Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is characterized by prolongation of the QT interval associated with a high risk for syncope and sudden death. Jervell and Lange-Nielsen initially described LQTS in association with congenital sensorineural deafness. We have investigated the prevalence of this syndrome in a school for deaf children, evaluating by ECG 350 congenitally deaf children with an age range of 6-19 years. The corrected QT interval (QTc) was calculated by Bazett's formula. Eight children with a QTc interval >440 ms were further studied by cardiac examination, repeat ECGs (three times), Holter monitoring, echocardiography, and exercise testing. The families were assessed for a history of syncope and deafness and underwent ECG evaluations regarding lengthened QTc interval. Among these eight children only two girls aged 14 and 15 years were diagnosed as having LQTS according to Schwartz's criteria (0.57% of the 350 deaf children; 95% confidence intervals 0, </= p </= 0.013). The first patient had two major criteria (QTc 483 ms and a history of syncopal attack) and one minor criteron (congenital deafness); the second also had two major criteria (QTc 613 ms and family members with LQTS) and one minor criterion (congenital deafness). Prophylactic beta-blocker therapy was started in these two patients to prevent sudden death. In conclusion, this syndrome should be sought in children with syncope or a family history of it, especially those with congenital deafness.

PMID:
9326683
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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