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J Clin Microbiol. 1997 Oct;35(10):2675-8.

Fatal pulmonary infection caused by the basidiomycete Hormographiella aspergillata.

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  • 1Department of Medical Microbiology, University Hospital Nijmegen, The Netherlands.


A fatal case of a pulmonary infection caused by Hormographiella aspergillata, the anamorph of the mushroom Coprinus cinereus, is reported for a patient receiving treatment for a second relapse of acute lymphoblastic leukemia. The filamentous basidiomycete was identified with restriction fragment length polymorphism patterns of PCR-amplified internally transcribed spacers and small subunit ribosomal DNA with four restriction enzymes. The patient failed to respond to treatment with amphotericin B and itraconazole. The fungus was cultured from the lungs at autopsy: the MIC of amphotericin B for the fungus was low (0.5 mg/liter), and that of itraconazole was high (8 mg/liter).

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