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Immunol Cell Biol. 1997 Aug;75(4):389-96.

Gene gun-based nucleic acid immunization alone or in combination with recombinant vaccinia vectors suppresses virus burden in rhesus macaques challenged with a heterologous SIV.

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  • 1Geniva, Middleton, Wisconsin, USA.

Abstract

Gene gun-based DNA immunization alone or in combination with recombinant vaccinia vectors was evaluated for the ability to elicit protective immune responses in rhesus macaques challenged with a pathogenic, heterologous simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV). Six monkeys primed with seven consecutive doses of DNA encoding SIVmac239 gp120 and gp160 (DNA + DNA) were divided into two groups. Three of these animals received another DNA booster immunization and the remaining three received a booster immunization containing a homologous, live recombinant vaccinia virus expressing SIVmac251 gp160 (DNA + VAC). In addition, a group of 15 animals primed with recombinant vaccinia vectors were divided into two groups. One group of six monkeys received another immunization of vaccinia (VAC + VAC) and the other nine animals received a DNA (mac239) booster immunization (VAC + DNA). Geometric mean end-point IgG titres in the DNA + VAC and VAC + DNA groups were substantially higher than the responses seen in the VAC + VAC and DNA + DNA groups, demonstrating a synergistic relationship between DNA-based vaccines and recombinant vaccinia virus-based vaccines. All vaccinates and five naive controls were challenged 19 weeks after the final booster immunization with 10 animal infectious doses of SIVDelta/B670. The vaccines did not prevent infection. However, all vaccine groups showed significant virus load reductions from seven to 56 days post challenge when compared to controls. Although the DNA + DNA group developed the lowest prechallenge antibody responses, the most significant reduction (200-fold) in virus load was associated with this group. In addition, a significant delay in CD4+ T cell loss relative to controls was observed in the DNA + DNA group. These results demonstrate that a gene gun-based DNA vaccine provided some attenuation of infection and CD4+ T cell loss after a heterologous challenge.

PMID:
9315483
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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