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Am J Public Health. 1997 Sep;87(9):1526-31.

Is incarceration during pregnancy associated with infant birthweight?

Author information

  • 1Department of Maternal and Child Health, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 27599-7400, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This study examined whether incarceration during pregnancy is associated with infant birthweight.

METHODS:

Multivariable analyses compared infant birthweight outcomes among three groups of women: 168 women incarcerated during pregnancy, 630 women incarcerated at a time other than during pregnancy, and 3910 women never incarcerated.

RESULTS:

After confounders were controlled for, infant birthweights among women incarcerated during pregnancy were not significantly different from women never incarcerated; however, infant birthweights were significantly worse among women incarcerated at a time other than during pregnancy than among never-incarcerated women and women incarcerated during pregnancy.

CONCLUSIONS:

Certain aspects of the prison environment (shelter, food, etc.) may be health-promoting for high-risk pregnant women.

PMID:
9314809
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1380983
Free PMC Article
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