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Electrophoresis. 1997 Aug;18(8):1429-40.

Osmoresponsive proteins and functional assessment strategies in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

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  • 1Göteborg University, Sweden. anders.blomberg@gmm.gu.se

Abstract

Cells respond to increased external osmolarities by enhanced accumulation of compatible solutes. In yeast-cells, mainly exemplified by Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the premier compatible solute is the polyhydroxy-alcohol glycerol, the production of which is accompanied by overall metabolic changes. By applying two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2-D PAGE) coupled to computerized image quantification, a large body of valuable physiological information relating to this stress-adaptation has been gathered. One of the presumed key-enzymes in the production of glycerol in the cell is glycerol 3-phosphate dehydrogenase encoded by the GPD1 gene. The amount of this protein is enhanced during saline stress, and from 2-D analysis linked to microsequencing it became apparent that the osmo-regulated from contained a putative presequence. Sequence analysis of another salt-induced spot in the 2-D pattern revealed identity to a gene, YER062c, with previously unknown function. Biochemical characterization of this protein, including standard purification via chromatography and subsequent activity/specificity measurements, identified this salt-regulated protein as the missing protein/gene in glycerol production, namely the glycerol 3-phosphatase. The sequence of another salt regulated protein resolved in the 2-D gel revealed identity to a bacterial dihydroxyacetone kinase, thus indicating salt induced glycerol dissimilation. Comparing Northern data to the 2-D generated expression pattern revealed a strong correlation, indicating mainly regulation at the transcriptional level. In addition, altered expression during saline growth of some of the glycolytic enzymes was also apparent. Signalling mutants, either in the cAMP-dependent protein kinase A pathway or in a protein kinase cascade, have been analyzed during osmotic stress via 2-D PAGE, grouping proteins/genes apparently regulated via similar mechanismus. Proteome analysis has proven invaluable in the unravelling of the molecular physiology of yeast cells during adaptation and growth under osmotic stress, identifying vital components not selected by purely genetic approaches.

PMID:
9298657
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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