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J Endocrinol. 1997 Aug;154(2):231-9.

Increase by tri-iodothyronine of endothelin-1, fibronectin and von Willebrand factor in cultured endothelial cells.

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  • 1Department of Internal Medicine III, University of Vienna, Austria.

Abstract

Hyperthyroidism is associated with elevated plasma levels of endothelium-derived proteins such as von Willebrand factor (vWF), fibronectin (FN) and endothelin-1 (ET-1). This study was designed to characterize the mechanisms involved in this phenomenon at the cellular level. vWF, FN and ET-1 secretion and mRNA expression were measured in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) exposed to tri-iodothyronine (T3) for 13 +/- 1 days, using ELISA, Western blot, RIA and Northern blot analysis respectively. Exposure of HUVECs to T3 significantly increased vWF secretion (50 ng T3/ml: 117 +/- 5%, P < 0.01; 100 ng T3/ml: 127 +/- 26%, P < 0.01) as well as vWF mRNA expression (50 ng/ml: 116 +/- 13%, P < 0.001; 100 ng/ml: 136 +/- 30%, P < 0.002) (results are means +/- S.D. analysed by the Wilcoxon signed rank test). FN secretion was significantly affected by 50 (145 +/- 42% of control, P < 0.05) and 100 (116.8 +/- 16% of control, P < 0.05) ng T3/ml, and FN mRNA expression by 50 ng T3/ml (123 +/- 20%, P < 0.05). Long-term incubation with T3 increased both ET-1 secretion (25 ng/ml: 124 +/- 25%, P < 0.001; 50 ng/ml: 165 +/- 53%, P < 0.05; 100 ng/ml: 116 +/- 17%, P < 0.05) and prepro-ET-1 mRNA expression (25 ng/ml: 112 +/- 16%, P < 0.05; 50 ng/ml: 134 +/- 43%, P < 0.02; 100 ng/ml: 120 +/- 20%, P < 0.02). Protein kinase C (PKC) isoforms epsilon and beta II were not significantly affected by T3, whereas PKC alpha was increased in whole cell lysates and in membrane fractions of cells incubated with 100 but not 50 ng T3/ml. Prepro-ET-1 mRNA stability, cell numbers and proliferation, measured by [3H]thymidine assays, remained unaffected in HUVECs after exposure to T3. These data indicate thyroid hormone-induced upregulation of mRNA expression and protein synthesis of vWF, FN and ET-1, by PKC alpha-, beta II- and epsilon-independent pathways, explaining, at least in part, increased plasma concentrations of endothelial proteins and peptides in the hyperthyroid state.

PMID:
9291833
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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