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Circ Res. 1997 Sep;81(3):297-303.

Endothelial cells of the human microvasculature express epidermal fatty acid-binding protein.

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  • 1Department of Dermatology, University Hospital, Geneva, Switzerland.

Abstract

Epidermal fatty acid-binding protein (E-FABP), previously characterized in human keratinocytes, is a cytoplasmic protein of 15 kD that specifically binds fatty acids (FAs). Previous PAGE-immunoblotting studies indicated that several human tissues display an immunoreactive band with an electrophoretic mobility identical to that of E-FABP. The aim of this study was to determine in which cells, other than keratinocytes, E-FABP might be expressed. By immunohistochemistry, we show that E-FABP is expressed in endothelial cells of the microvasculature of the placenta, heart, skeletal muscle, small intestine, lung, and renal medulla. Interestingly, in lung, a tissue of endodermal origin, E-FABP staining was also localized to secretory cells, ie, Clara cells, goblet cells, and probably a subpopulation of pneumocytes. RNA isolated from cultured human umbilical vein and normal human dermal microvascular endothelial cells was analyzed by reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Southern blotting and sequencing of the cloned RT-PCR products demonstrate that endothelial E-FABP is identical to keratinocyte E-FABP. These data suggest that E-FABP-mediated FA transport occurs at the level of the microvasculature in several FA target organs.

PMID:
9285630
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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