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Immunopharmacology. 1997 Aug;37(1):15-23.

Macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) augments cytokine induction by lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulation and by bacterial infections in mice.

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  • 1Central Research Laboratory, Green Cross Corporation, Osaka, Japan.


We studied the effects of M-CSF on cytokine induction in vivo by LPS or by bacterial infection by comparing between the serum cytokine levels of mice administered with and without M-CSF. M-CSF at 250 micrograms/kg/day for 3 days significantly augmented serum IL-6 level induced by a subsequent injection of 25 micrograms/kg of LPS. The augmented IL-6-induction was dose-dependent from 50 to 1250 micrograms/kg/day of M-CSF, and required 2- to 3-doses of M-CSF at 250 micrograms/kg/day. Mice primed with M-CSF induced IL-6 in response to a 5-fold lower dose of LPS, and also produced higher levels of IL-1 alpha, IL-10, GM-CSF, TNF-alpha, and IFN-gamma than control mice. The priming effect of M-CSF was transient and reversible, and elicited independently of T-cells. An injection with intact bacteria, such as Gram-negative Escherichia coli and Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus also induced IL-6 in normal mice, and M-CSF administration augmented the induction of these cytokines. These results showed that M-CSF positively regulates LPS-dependent and -independent cytokine induction, suggesting a defensive effect against infectious agents through enhanced cytokine production.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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