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Nervenarzt. 1997 May;68(5):365-78.

[Structural magnetic resonance tomography in diagnosis and research of Alzheimer type dementia].

[Article in German]

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  • 1Psychiatrische Klinik und Poliklinik, Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München.


One of the most widely used neuroimaging procedures in Psychiatry and Neurology is magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MRI has gained the position of a standard investigation in the differential diagnosis of dementia syndromes. In the clinical diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) MRI helps to improve the diagnostical accuracy. Recently new MRI-based techniques for performing volumetric measurement of cortical and subcortical structures have been developed. First reports indicate that MRI-based volumetric measurements can be accurate in differentiating AD patients from cognitively normal elderly individuals. These new techniques may be useful adjunct in assessing the clinical diagnosis of AD. Results could also yield insight in the fundamental pathology of the degenerative disease. It is the objective of this chapter to summarize and comment on the significance of MRI in the diagnosis and research of AD. Future directions are outlined, including the use of microscopic MRI, the differentiation of white matter signal hyperintensities and the combined evaluation of structural MRI and functional imaging techniques.

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