Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Pharmacopsychiatry. 1997 Jul;30(4):113-7.

Urinary excretion of cortisol, norepinephrine, testosterone, and melatonin in panic disorder.

Author information

  • 1Department of Psychiatry, University of Göttingen, Germany.

Erratum in

  • Pharmacopsychiatry 1997 Nov;30(6):278.


Nocturnal urinary cortisol, norepinephrine, epinephrine, testosterone, and melatonin secretion patterns were studied in male patients with DSM IV/ICD-10 panic disorder (n = 16) over two series of 5 consecutive nights each. Night-time urinary excretion of cortisol, norepinephrine, and epinephrine was significantly elevated in drug-free patients compared to normal individuals (n = 13). Measurements were repeated after 4 weeks, and the same differences were found again. There were high correlations between the first and the second series of measurements. Testosterone and melatonin levels did not differ between panic patients and controls.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart, New York
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk