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J Surg Res. 1997 Jul 15;71(1):54-60.

Fish oil-supplemented feeding does not attenuate warm liver ischemia and reperfusion injury in the rat.

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  • 1Department of Surgery, University of California, Los Angeles, 90095-6904, USA.

Abstract

Liver ischemia and reperfusion injury is mediated by oxygen free radicals, cytokines, and prostanoids produced by Kupffer cells and infiltrating neutrophils. Fish oil-supplemented diets alter membrane phospholipid composition and modify prostanoids and cytokine production in response to ischemia and reperfusion. This study tested the hypothesis that a fish oil-supplemented diet would attenuate warm liver ischemia and reperfusion injury in the rat. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed Vital HN supplemented with either fish oil (FO) or corn oil (CO) by the continuous duodenal infusion for 5 days. Total dietary fat (26% of total calories), caloric intake (70 cal/day), and volume (60 ml/day) were identical between two groups. Plasma eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) levels increased significantly in rats fed fish oil (0 to 16.3% for EPA and 2 to 12% for DHA). Liver histology was similar in both groups before ischemia. On Day 6, rats were subjected to 60 min of reversible hepatic ischemia. Plasma TNF levels, 1 and 24 hr after reperfusion, were not different between FO and CO rats. Liver injury assessed by bile flow, histology, plasma ALT, and bile glutathione efflux did not differ between groups. We conclude that our fish oil-supplemented enteral diet does not attenuate warm liver ischemia and reperfusion injury in rats.

PMID:
9271278
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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