Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Genes Dev. 1997 Aug 1;11(15):1938-48.

Enhanced apoptotic cell death of renal epithelial cells in mice lacking transcription factor AP-2beta.

Author information

  • 1Institute for Pathology, University of Regensburg Medical School, Germany.

Abstract

Expression of AP-2 transcription factors has been detected previously in embryonic renal tissues. We show here that AP-2beta -/- mice complete embryonic development and die at postnatal days 1 and 2 because of polycystic kidney disease. Analyses of kidney development revealed that induction of epithelial conversion, mesenchyme condensation, and further glomerular and tubular differentiation occur normally in AP-2beta-deficient mice. At the end of embryonic development expression of bcl-X(L), bcl-w, and bcl-2 is down-regulated in parallel to massive apoptotic death of collecting duct and distal tubular epithelia. Addressing the molecular mechanism we show that transfection of AP-2 into cell lines in vitro strongly suppresses c-myc-induced apoptosis pointing to a function of AP-2 in programming cell survival during embryogenesis. The position of the human AP-2beta gene was identified at chromosome 6p12-p21.1, within a region that has been mapped for autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD). Sequence analyses of ARPKD patients and linkage analyses using intragenic polymorphic markers indicate that the AP-2beta gene is located in close proximity to but distinct from the ARPKD gene.

PMID:
9271117
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC316415
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk