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Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 1997 Jul;57(3-4):215-27.

The acute phase serum amyloid A protein (SAA) in the horse: isolation and characterization of three isoforms.

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  • 1Department of Clinical Chemistry, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala.


Serum amyloid A (SAA) from acute phase horse serum was isolated using hydrophobic interaction chromatography, gel filtration and ion exchange chromatography. Three SAA isoforms with different isoelectric points, i.e. SAA pI 8.0, SAA pI 9.0 and SAA pI 9.7, were identified by two-dimensional electrophoresis and further characterized with amino acid sequence analysis. These isoforms were found in similar concentrations in all animals investigated, with SAA pI 9.7 constituting about half of the total SAA content. Partial amino acid sequence analysis verified the previously published heterogeneous SAA sequence. SAA pI 8.0 was found to have isoleucine in Position 16, glutamine in Position 44 and glycine in Position 59. SAA pI 9.0 had leucine, glutamine and alanine in the corresponding positions. In SAA pI 9.7 leucine, lysine and alanine were detected. The three isoforms characterized in this study are all acute phase SAAs. SAA pI 9.0 and 9.7 correspond to amyloid A protein variants previously isolated from amyloid deposits of equine liver, while there are no reports on an amyloid A variant corresponding to SAA pI 8.0.

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