Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Virol. 1997 Sep;71(9):6479-85.

Cyclin-dependent kinase regulation of the replication functions of polyomavirus large T antigen.

Author information

  • 1Department of Biological Sciences, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA.


The amino-terminal portion of polyomavirus (Py) large T antigen (T Ag) contains two phosphorylation sites, at T187 and T278, which are potential substrates for cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs). Our experiments were designed to test whether either or both of these sites are involved in the origin DNA (ori DNA) replication function of Py T Ag. Mutations were generated in Py T Ag whereby either or both threonines were replaced with alanine, generating T187A, T278A, and double-mutants (DM [T187A T278A]) mutant T Ags. We found that the Py ori DNA replication functions of T278A and DM, but not T187A, mutant T Ags were abolished both in vivo and in vitro. Consistent with this finding, it was shown that the ori DNA binding and unwinding activities of mutant T278A Py T Ag were greatly impaired. Moreover, whereas wild-type Py T Ag is an efficient substrate for phosphorylation by cyclin A-CDK2 and cyclin B-cdc2 complexes, it is phosphorylated poorly by a cyclin E-CDK2 complex. In contrast to mutant T187A, which behaved similarly to the wild-type protein, T278A was only weakly phosphorylated by cyclin B-cdc2. These data thus suggest that T278 is an important site on Py T Ag for phosphorylation by CDKs and that loss of this site leads to its various defects in mediating ori DNA replication. S- and G2-phase-specific CDKs, but not a G1-specific CDK, can phosphorylate wild-type T Ag, which suggests yet another reason why DNA tumor viruses require actively cycling host cells.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk