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J Virol. 1997 Sep;71(9):6323-31.

The potent enhancer activity of the polycythemic strain of spleen focus-forming virus in hematopoietic cells is governed by a binding site for Sp1 in the upstream control region and by a unique enhancer core motif, creating an exclusive target for PEBP/CBF.

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  • 1Heinrich-Pette-Institute for Experimental Virology and Immunology, Department of Cell & Virus Genetics, Hamburg, Germany.

Abstract

The polycythemic strain of the spleen focus-forming virus (SFFVp) contains the most potent murine retroviral enhancer configuration known so far for gene expression in myeloerythroid hematopoietic cells. In the present study, we mapped two crucial elements responsible for the high activity of the SFFVp enhancer to an altered upstream control region (UCR) containing a GC-rich motif (5'-GGGCGGG-3') and to a unique enhancer core (5'-TGCGGTC-3'). Acquisition of these motifs accounts for half of the activity of the complete retroviral enhancer in hematopoietic cells, irrespective of the developmental stage or lineage. Furthermore, the UCR motif contains the major determinant for the enhancer activity of SFFVp in embryonic stem (ES) cells. Using electrophoretic mobility shift assays, we show that the UCR of SFFVp, but not of Friend murine leukemia virus, is targeted by the ubiquitous transcriptional activator, Sp1. The core motif of SFFVp creates a specific and high-affinity target for polyomavirus enhancer binding protein/core binding factor (PEBP/CBF) and excludes access of CAAT/enhancer binding protein. Cotransfection experiments with ES cells imply that PEBP/CBF cooperates with the neighboring element, LVb (the only conserved Ets consensus in the SFFVp enhancer), and that the Sp1 motif in the UCR stimulates transactivation through the Ets-PEBP interaction. Putative secondary structures of the retroviral enhancers are proposed based on these data.

PMID:
9261349
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC191905
Free PMC Article
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