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J Gastroenterol. 1997 Aug;32(4):457-63.

Assessment of blood flow in the small intestine by laser Doppler flowmetry: comparison of healthy small intestine and small intestine in Crohn's disease.

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  • 1Department of Surgery, Chikushi Hospital, Fukuoka University, Japan.


Blood flow and blood distribution were investigated in 40 patients with normal small intestine and the relation between blood flow and the morphological features of Crohn's disease was examined in 11 patients with Crohn's disease by laser Doppler flowmetry from the serosal side during surgery. In normal small intestine, blood flow was measured at six points: upper, middle, and lower small intestine, each of the mesenteric borders, and the antimesenteric surface. In Crohn's disease, macroscopically normal tissue and affected lesions were observed in detail by intraoperative endoscopy after blood flow measurement. The blood flow values in the normal small intestine gradually decreased from the upper to the lower small intestine. As the level of inflammation progressed in Crohn's disease the blood flow values gradually decreased; the exudative stage of Crohn's disease (aphthoid ulcer) showed blood flow values that were slightly below those in macroscopically normal tissue. These results are the first to demonstrate decreased blood flow in affected lesions in Crohn's disease and changes in blood flow according to the degree of inflammation in vivo.

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