Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol. 1997 Aug;19(3):393-404.

Sulfide influence on polymorphonuclear functions: a possible role for Ca2+ involvement.

Author information

  • 1Department of Biomedical Sciences and Human Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Bari, Italy.


Polymorphonuclear cells (PMN) of gingival sulcus play an important role in host defense against periodontal tissue-invading bacteria, but their phagocytic activity is conditioned by several virulence factors released by oral pathogens. In this report we have studied the influence of sulfide, a toxic bacterial metabolite, on the main PMN functions: chemotaxis, degranulation and oxidative burst. PMN exposed to sodium sulfide (up to 2 mM) used as a source of H2S showed a depression of the calcium-dependent cytoskeleton activities such as chemotaxis and azurophilic granule release induced by FMLP. No effect was observed on the calcium-independent specific granule release obtained by PMA. These data were in agreement with the sulfide inhibition of cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration [Ca2+]i increase normally induced by ionomycin. On the other hand, hydrogen sulfide was able to prime PMN for a stronger oxidative response both to calcium-dependent or calcium-independent stimulation. This finding may account for a more efficient oxidative killing under reoxygenation of the anaerobic infectious areas.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Taylor & Francis
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk