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J Biol Chem. 1997 Aug 8;272(32):20306-11.

Interleukin-1-induced ether-linked diglycerides inhibit calcium-insensitive protein kinase C isotypes. Implications for growth senescence.

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  • 1Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106-4949, USA.


It is hypothesized that inflammatory cytokines and vasoactive peptides stimulate distinct species of diglycerides that differentially regulate protein kinase C isotypes. In published data, we demonstrated that interleukin-1, in contrast to endothelin, selectively generates ether-linked diglyceride species (alkyl, acyl- and alkenyl, acylglycerols) in rat mesangial cells, a smooth muscle-like pericyte in the glomerulus. We now demonstrate both in intact cell and in cell-free preparations that these interleukin-1 receptor-generated ether-linked diglycerides inhibit immunoprecipitated protein kinase C delta and epsilon but not zeta activity. Neither interleukin-1 nor endothelin affect de novo protein expression of these protein kinase C isotypes. As down-regulation of calcium-insensitive protein kinase C isotypes has been linked to antimitogenic activity, we investigated growth arrest as a functional correlate for IL-1-generated ether-linked diglycerides. Cell-permeable ether-linked diglycerides mimic the effects of interleukin-1 to induce a growth-arrested state in both G-protein-linked receptor- and tyrosine kinase receptor-stimulated mesangial cells. This signaling mechanism implicates cytokine receptor-induced ether-linked diglycerides as second messengers that inhibit the bioactivity of calcium-insensitive protein kinase C isotypes resulting in growth arrest.

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