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Mod Pathol. 1997 Jul;10(7):686-92.

Utilization of hepatocyte-specific antibody in the immunocytochemical evaluation of liver tumors.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, Pittsburgh Transplantation Institute, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pennsylvania 15213, USA.


A monoclonal antibody highly specific for benign and malignant hepatocytes (HepPar 1) was evaluated as part of an antibody panel used to differentiate hepatocellular from nonhepatocellular neoplasms. Sixty-five liver tumors and two extrahepatic tumors from patients with documented liver tumors were studied. Twenty-two neoplasms were of hepatocellular origin, three were combined hepatocellular/cholangiocarcinomas, and the remainder were of nonhepatocellular origin. HepPar 1 alone had an 82% sensitivity and 90% specificity for the detection of hepatocellular neoplasms. The corresponding values for alpha-fetoprotein were 57% and 97%. Polyclonal antibody to carcinoembryonic antigen (canalicular pattern) had a sensitivity of 79% and specificity of 97% for these tumors. The use of antibody panels provided superior results when compared with individual antibodies. In summary, HepPar 1 monoclonal antibody is a useful reagent for the differential diagnosis of hepatocellular tumors. Its utility is enhanced when it is used as part of a diagnostic antibody panel.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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