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Infect Immun. 1997 Aug;65(8):3118-25.

Oral immunization with attenuated vaccine strains of Vibrio cholerae expressing a dodecapeptide repeat of the serine-rich Entamoeba histolytica protein fused to the cholera toxin B subunit induces systemic and mucosal antiamebic and anti-V. cholerae antibody responses in mice.

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  • 1Infectious Disease Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston 02114, USA.

Abstract

Entamoeba histolytica is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The serine-rich E. histolytica protein (SREHP) is a surface-expressed trophozoite protein that includes multiple hydrophilic tandem repeats. A purified fusion protein between the dodecapeptide repeat of SREHP and cholera toxin B subunit (CTB) has previously been shown to be immunogenic in mice after oral inoculation when cholera toxin is coadministered as an immunoadjuvant. We engineered a live attenuated El Tor Vibrio cholerae vaccine strain, Peru2, to express the SREHP-12-CTB fusion protein to the supernatant from either a plasmid [Peru2 (pETR5.1)] or from a chromosomal insertion (ETR3). Vector strains were administered orally to germfree mice that were subsequently housed under nongermfree conditions; mice received one (day 0) or two (days 0 and 14) inoculations. No immunoadjuvant or cholera holotoxin was administered. Mice that received two inoculations of Peru2(pETR5.1) had the most pronounced antiamebic systemic and mucosal immunologic responses. Less marked, but significant, anti-SREHP serum immunoglobulin G antibody responses were also induced in mice that received either one or two oral inoculations of strain ETR3. Anti-V. cholerae responses were also induced, as measured by the induction of serum vibriocidal antibodies and by serum and mucosal anti-CTB antibody responses. These results suggest that V. cholerae vector strains can be successful delivery vehicles for the SREHP-12-CTB fusion protein, to induce mucosal and systemic antiamebic and anti-V. cholerae immune responses. The magnitude of these responses is proportional to the amount of SREHP-12-CTB produced by the vector strain.

PMID:
9234763
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC175440
Free PMC Article
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