Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Physiol. 1997 Jun;272(6 Pt 2):R1960-5.

Dysregulated proteolytic balance as the basis of excess extracellular matrix in fibrotic disease.

Author information

  • 1Department of Urology, Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Abstract

To investigate mechanisms of tissue fibrosis, we developed a model of ovine fetal bladder fibrosis due to surgically induced obstruction. Tissues were analyzed for matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their inhibitors, the tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs). Active MMP-2 was not detected in obstructed bladders, while latent and active forms were detected in normal bladders. MMP-1 (interstitial collagenase) activity was lower in obstructed bladders. MMP inhibitory activity was increased with obstruction, as were levels of TIMP mRNA and protein. These results indicate that the proteins responsible for collagen degradation are present in the developing bladder, and a shift in the proteolytic balance favoring inhibition of degradation occurs in a model of obstruction-induced fibrosis. This altered proteolytic balance favors accumulation of extracellular matrix and decreased tissue compliance characteristic of this and perhaps other fibrotic conditions.

PMID:
9227614
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk