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Gene. 1997 Jun 19;192(2):261-70.

Cloning and expression of a chicken alpha-amylase gene.

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  • 1Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Centre for Food and Animal Research, Ottawa, Ont.


We have isolated and sequenced a genomic clone for a pancreatic alpha-amylase gene (amy) of the chicken (Gallus gallus). The gene is interrupted by nine introns, spans over 4 kb, and encodes a protein (AMY) of 512 aa that is 83% identical to the human pancreatic alpha-amylase enzyme. Southern blot analysis of chicken DNA revealed two distinct pancreatic amy loci. In addition, we have generated a cDNA from chicken pancreatic RNA corresponding to the coding sequence of the genomic clone. The cDNA was inserted into a yeast expression vector, and the resulting construct used to transform Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells. Transformed yeast cells synthesized and secreted active AMY enzyme, and the gel migration pattern of the alpha-amylase produced by the yeast cells was identical to that of the native chicken enzyme.

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