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Neuropsychology. 1997 Jul;11(3):331-42.

Illusory memories in amnesic patients: conceptual and perceptual false recognition.

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  • 1Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Massachusetts 02138, USA.


Little is known about the neuropsychology of false recognition. D.L. Schacter, M. Verfaellie, and D. Pradere (1996) induced false recognition in amnesic patients and normal controls by exposing them to numerous semantic associates of a nonstudied word and found that amnesics showed significantly reduced levels of false recognition. To determine whether this outcome is specific to the semantic domain, the authors examined false recognition after exposure to lists of conceptually and perceptually related words. In the control group, conceptual false recognition was associated with "remember" responses and perceptual false recognition was associated with "know" responses. Amnesic patients showed reduced levels of conceptual and perceptual false recognition that were approximately equally divided between remember and know responses.

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