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Cancer Immunol Immunother. 1997 Jun;44(4):216-20.

Synergistic effects of Actinobacillus suis cells in combination with 5-fluorouracil on mice bearing murine L1210 leukemia cells.

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  • 1Department of Clinical Nutrition, Faculty of Health Science, Suzuka University of Medical Science and Technology, Mie, Japan.


The mean survival rates of female BDF1 mice transplanted intravenously (i.v.) with murine L1210 leukemia cells were significantly prolonged by intraperitoneal (i.p.) pretreatment (before i.v. transplantation) or by i.p. pre- and post-treatment (before and after the i.v. transplantation) with heat-killed Actinobacillus suis cells ATCC 15557 (AS 15557) alone, as compared with untreated L1210-leukemia-cell-bearing control mice. However, significant prolongation of the mean survival rates was not elicited by the i.p. post-treatment with AS 15557 alone. When 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) was applied i.p. to mice receiving post-treatment with AS 15557 alone, the mean survival rates of the L1210-leukemia-cell-bearing mice were significantly prolonged. The antileukemic action of AS 15557, alone or in combination with 5-FU, against L1210 leukemia was superior to that of a streptococcal preparation (OK-432) and was almost the same as of bacillus Calmette-Guérin with or without 5-FU. The results suggest the possibility that the synergism of AS 15557 in combination with 5-FU may be dependent on the relationship between the indirect immunological function of AS 15557 and the direct cytotoxic action of 5-FU on L1210 leukemia cells.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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