Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Bacteriol. 1997 Jul;179(13):4246-53.

Sequence of xynC and properties of XynC, a major component of the Clostridium thermocellum cellulosome.

Author information

  • 1Faculty of Bioresources, Mie University, Tsu, Japan.


The nucleotide sequence of the Clostridium thermocellum F1 xynC gene, which encodes the xylanase XynC, consists of 1,857 bp and encodes a protein of 619 amino acids with a molecular weight of 69,517. XynC contains a typical N-terminal signal peptide of 32 amino acid residues, followed by a 165-amino-acid sequence which is homologous to the thermostabilizing domain. Downstream of this domain was a family 10 catalytic domain of glycosyl hydrolase. The C terminus separated from the catalytic domain by a short linker sequence contains a dockerin domain responsible for cellulosome assembly. The N-terminal amino acid sequence of XynC-II, the enzyme purified from a recombinant Escherichia coli strain, was in agreement with that deduced from the nucleotide sequence although XynC-II suffered from proteolytic truncation by a host protease(s) at the C-terminal region. Immunological and N-terminal amino acid sequence analyses disclosed that the full-length XynC is one of the major components of the C. thermocellum cellulosome. XynC-II was highly active toward xylan and slightly active toward p-nitrophenyl-beta-D-xylopyranoside, p-nitrophenyl-beta-D-cellobioside, p-nitrophenyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside, and carboxymethyl cellulose. The Km and Vmax values for xylan were 3.9 mg/ml and 611 micromol/min/mg of protein, respectively. This enzyme was optimally active at 80 degrees C and was stable up to 70 degrees C at neutral pHs and over the pH range of 4 to 11 at 25 degrees C.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk