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Nucleic Acids Res. 1997 Jul 15;25(14):2897-901.

Synthesis and radioiodination of a stannyl oligodeoxyribonucleotide.

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  • 1TRIUMF, 4004 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 2A3, Canada. dougan@triumf.ca


Synthesis and radioiodination of a stannyl oligodeoxyribonucleotide were undertaken to evaluate a gamma ray emitting ODN ligand for thrombus imaging in vivo . Synthesis of the ODN was based on modified automatedbeta-cyanoethyl phosphoramidite chemistry with an organotin nucleoside (dU*) coupled to a thrombin binding aptamer sequence to give d(U*GGTTGGTGTGGTTGG). The synthesis accommodated dU*, which is destannylated by iodine or acids. Fourteen standard synthesis cycles were followed by one 'stannyl synthesis cycle', distinguished by Fmoc protection, omission of capping, oxidation by an organic peroxide and cleavage by ammonium hydroxide. The organotin nucleoside phosphoramidite {5'-[fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl]-5-(E)-[2-tri-n -butylstannylvinyl]-2'-deoxyuridine-3'-(2-cyanoethyl N,N-diisopropyl phosphoramidite)} was prepared from 5-iodo-2'-deoxyuridine. A customized mild rapid workup included deprotection with methylamine, and reverse phase HPLC with CH3CN/triethylammonium bicarbonate. Pure stannyl ODN was highly retained by reverse phase HPLC. Radioiodination of stannyl ODN (100 microg) provided 123I-labeling yields up to 97%. Five alternative oxidants were effective. High specific activity [123I]- ODN (15 000 Ci/mmol) was recovered, separated from unlabeled isomers. Excellent reverse phase HPLC resolution of ODN isomers (alternatively I, Cl, H or Br in vinyl deoxyuridine) was essential. The affinity of the iodovinyl aptamer analog (Kd = 36 nM) for human alpha-thrombin was similar to the native aptamer (Kd = 45 nM).

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