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World J Surg. 1997 Jun;21(5):505-10.

Indications for surgical management of genitourinary tuberculosis.

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  • 1Department of Urology, Klinikum Deggendorf, Academic Hospital, Technical University of Munich, Germany.


The incidence of tuberculosis has risen in many parts of the world, and more attention is being focused on genitourinary tuberculosis (GT), the second most common extrathoracic form of tuberculosis. Although chemotherapy is the mainstay of treatment, ablative surgery as a first-line management may be unavoidable for sepsis or abscesses. In cases with hydronephrosis and progressive renal insufficiency caused by obstruction, renal drainage (by stenting or nephrostomy) must be performed immediately. In all other situations triple-drug chemotherapy should be undertaken for at least 6 months and stable conversion obtained before ablative or reconstructive surgery is planned. Nephrectomy or partial nephrectomy is indicated for nonfunctioning or poorly functioning kidneys, particularly if continuous flank pain or hypertension is present. Stenosis of the ureter usually can be managed by temporary stenting and adjuvant corticosteroid therapy. Today the indications for augmentation are rare, but bladder replacement may be combined with ureter replacement using segments of intestine.

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