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Neuromuscul Disord. 1997 Jun;7(4):231-3.

C4342T-mutation in the SCN4A gene on chromosome 17q in a Swedish family with paramyotonia congenita (Eulenburg)--correlations with clinical, neurophysiological and muscle biopsy data.

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  • 1Department of Neurology, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.


Genetic analysis of the adult muscle sodium channel alpha-subunit, SCN4A gene on chromosome 17q, was performed by means of PCR technique in a Swedish family with paramyotonia congenita (Eulenburg) (PMC). The mutation was found in four family members and consisted of a C to T transition affecting the fourth domain of the sodium channel protein. This mutation has earlier been described in other families with paramyotonia congenita. All family members carrying the mutation had cold-induced paradoxical myotonia, myotonic bursts on EMG, and a type IIB atrophy on muscle biopsy. Three of them had slight CK elevation and two had episodes of paralysis. On the basis of clinical findings in this family, persistent proximal muscle weakness, myopathic EMG abnormalities, a type IIB atrophy on muscle biopsy and no symptoms but other signs of muscle affection, were earlier suggested as clinical features of PMC. However, genetic analysis revealed that family members with these symptoms and findings did not have the mutation, indicating that these features are not due to PMC.

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