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J Biotechnol. 1997 Apr 25;54(2):139-48.

Improvement of expression and secretion of a fungal xylanase in the rumen bacterium Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens OB156 by manipulation of promoter and signal sequences.

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  • 1CSIRO Division of Tropical Crops and Pastures, St. Lucia, Australia.


Promoters and signal sequences for expression and secretion of a fungal xylanase encoded by a modified Neocallimastix patriciarum xynA cDNA in the rumen bacterium, Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens OB156, were investigated. Successful expression of the fungal xylanase in OB156 was obtained using the putative xylanase promoter from B. fibrisolvens strain 49. Replacing the putative -35 region sequence (TTGCAC) of the xylanase promoter with the sequence TTGACA by mutagenesis reduced the fungal xylanase expression level 4-fold in OB156, indicating that this B. fibrisolvens strain did not efficiently recognise the E. coli consensus -35 sequence. Reduction of the spacer length between the -35 and -10 regions of the xylanase promoter from 18 to 17 base-pairs (bp) considerably increased the expression levels of the fungal enzyme in both E. coli and OB156. Insertion of a pUB110 mob promoter upstream of the xylanase promoter also significantly improved the fungal xylanase expression. Secretion of the fungal xylanase mediated by the alpha-amylase signal peptide from B. fibrisolvens strain H17c was efficient in E. coli, but very poor in OB156. An increase in the hydrophobicity of the signal sequence resulted in a 4-fold increase in the extracellular portion of the fungal xylanase in OB156, indicating marked improvement in xylanase secretion efficiency. The recombinant plasmids and xylanase expression/secretion cassettes were found to be stable in OB156 after prolonged cultivation (100 generations) in the absence of antibiotic selection. These results suggest that the rumen bacterium B. fibrisolvens can be manipulated to produce and secrete a eukaryotic extracellular protein with stable maintenance of the expression cassette in plasmid form.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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