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J Affect Disord. 1997 May;43(3):187-94.

Evaluating the diagnostic specificity of the Munich Personality Test dimensions in major depression.

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  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Niigata University School of Medicine, Japan.


This study explored the diagnostic specificity of the Munich Personality Test (MPT) in major depression, comparing its scores between patients with major depression, patients with panic disorder and control subjects. One of the 6 dimensions of the MPT, Rigidity, had been developed based on Tellenbach's description of depressive personality, and it was expected that especially this personality dimension would demonstrate a good facility for describing a specific personality feature of major depression. Comparisons were made in 2 ways: ignoring the effects of current depression and anxiety on the personality scorings; and partialling out these effects. Results of the 2 analyses differed radically. Scores on Rigidity and isolation Tendency were significantly different between groups, even after the effects of current depression and anxiety were partialled out. The multiple comparison procedure revealed that the depressive patients were differentiated from both the panic patients and the controls only in the dimension of Rigidity. The results of this study suggest that the Rigidity dimension of MPT may have a strong capability for describing the specific personality feature of depressive patients, and that the MPT may be quite useful for studies, particularly prospective ones, investigating premorbid personality of depression.

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