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Arch Biochem Biophys. 1997 Jun 15;342(2):197-202.

Pterin and folate reduction by the Leishmania tarentolae H locus short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase PTR1.

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  • 1Centre de Recherche en Infectiologie, Qu├ębec, Canada.


Overproduction of the short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase PTR1 confers resistance to the dihydrofolate reductase inhibitor methotrexate in the protozoan parasite Leishmania. Genetic analysis has previously implicated PTR1 in pterin and folate metabolism. PTR1 was purified from a fusion protein expressed in Escherichia coli. Purified PTR1 exhibits NADPH-dependent biopterin, dihydrobiopterin, folate, and dihydrofolate reductase activities. The highest activity was found with the most oxidized pterins. The active protein was found to be a tetramer as demonstrated by gel-filtration chromatography. Kinetic constants (K(m)), as determined by double-reciprocal plots, were calculated for NADPH and for several of PTR1's substrates. The PTR1 of Leishmania tarentolae had a K(m) of 16.9 microM for the cofactor NADPH and K(m) values ranging from 3.5 to 85 microM for the various substrates. The dissociation constant (KD), as determined by fluorescence titration, for NADPH was estimated to be 130 microM. The biochemical characterization of this important and novel enzyme involved in folate and pterin metabolism of Leishmania should be useful for structure-function analysis and for developing specific inhibitors against this putative important chemotherapeutic target.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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