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Adolescence. 1997 Summer;32(126):253-9.

Parental influence on children's socialization to gender roles.

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  • 1School of Home Economics and Family Ecology, University of Akron, Ohio 44325-6103, USA.

Abstract

In a society rife with gender stereotypes and biases, children regularly learn to adopt gender roles which are not always fair to both sexes. As children move through childhood and into adolescence, they are exposed to many factors which influence their attitudes and behaviors regarding gender roles. These attitudes and behaviors are generally learned first in the home and are then reinforced by the child's peers, school experience, and television viewing. However, the strongest influence on gender role development seems to occur within the family setting, with parents passing on, both overtly and covertly, their own beliefs about gender. This overview of the impact of parental influence on gender role development leads to the suggestion that an androgynous gender role orientation may be more beneficial to children than strict adherence to traditional gender roles.

PMID:
9179321
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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