Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1997 Jun 10;94(12):6523-8.

Cell-surface perturbations of the epidermal growth factor and vascular endothelial growth factor receptors by phosphorothioate oligodeoxynucleotides.

Author information

  • 1Immunology/Monoclonal Antibodies Department, ImClone Systems Inc., New York, NY 10014, USA.

Abstract

Antisense oligodeoxynucleotides offer potential as therapeutic agents to inhibit gene expression. Recent evidence indicates that oligodeoxynucleotides designed to target specific nucleic acid sequences can interact nonspecifically with proteins. This report describes the interactive capabilities of phosphorothioate oligodeoxynucleotides of defined sequence and length with two essential protein tyrosine receptors, flk-1 and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), and their effects on receptor signaling in a transfected and tumor cell line, respectively. Phosphorothioate oligodeoxynucleotides bound to the cell surface, as demonstrated by fluorescence-activated cell-sorter analyses (FACS), and perturbed receptor activation in the presence and absence of cognate ligands, EGF (EGFR) and vascular endothelial growth factor (flk-1), in phosphorylation assays. Certain phosphorothioate oligodeoxynucleotides interacted relatively selectively with flk-1 and partially blocked the binding of specific anti-receptor monoclonal antibodies to target sites. They stimulated EGFR phosphorylation in the absence of EGF but antagonized ligand-mediated activation of EGFR and flk-1. In vivo studies showed that a nonspecific phosphorothioate oligodeoxynucleotide suppressed the growth of glioblastoma in a mouse model of tumorigenesis. These results emphasize the capacity of phosphorothioate oligodeoxynucleotides to interact with cells in a sequence-selective nonantisense manner, while associating with cellular membrane proteins in ways that can inhibit cellular metabolic activities.

PMID:
9177251
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC21083
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk