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J Am Coll Nutr. 1997 Jun;16(3):216-23.

Patterns in children's fruit and vegetable consumption by meal and day of the week.

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  • 1Department of Behavioral Sciences, Rollins School of Public Health at Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess differences in children's consumption of fruit and vegetables (F&V) by day of the week and meal of the day.

DESIGN:

Baseline data from two school based nutrition education studies were combined for analysis.

SUBJECTS/SETTING:

2984 third grade students from 48 participating elementary schools in three school districts in the metropolitan Atlanta area.

MEASURES OF OUTCOME:

The frequency of consumption of F&V abstracted by trained registered dietitians from prompted 7-day food records. STATISTICAL-ANALYSES PERFORMED: Mixed model analysis with meals and days as terms, controlling for the within school correlation, gender and ethnic group.

RESULTS:

F&V were most frequently consumed at weekday lunch, and second most frequently at dinner. Participation in school lunch accounted for a substantial proportion of F&Vs consumed at lunch. Few F&Vs were consumed at breakfast or snack.

CONCLUSIONS:

School lunch makes an important contribution to elementary school students' F&V consumption. Dietary change programs should target parents to increase F&V consumption at dinner, and target students for the meals over which they assert the most control: breakfast and snacks.

PMID:
9176827
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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