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Am J Physiol. 1997 May;272(5 Pt 1):C1558-66.

Angiotensin II activates the beta 1 isoform of phospholipase C in vascular smooth muscle cells.

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  • 1Rammelkamp Center for Research, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland 44109, Ohio, USA.


Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) contribute to the pathophysiology of hypertension through cell growth and contraction, and phospholipase C (PLC) is a critical effector enzyme in growth factor and vasoconstrictor signaling. There is indirect evidence that angiotensin II (ANG II) receptors are linked to the PLC-beta isoform signaling pathways. However, recent studies suggest that PLC-beta isoforms may not be expressed in VSMC. Our data demonstrate that in human aortic VSMC, PLC-beta 1 and PLC-gamma 1 proteins were detected by immunoblot analysis, and PLC-beta 1 mRNA was identified by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction in rat aortic VSMC. Incubation of permeabilized VSMC with anti-PLC-beta 1 or anti-Gq alpha antibodies inhibited ANG II-dependent inositol polyphosphate (IP) formation, while anti-PLC-gamma 1 antibodies did not inhibit ANG II-regulated IP formation. Conversely, anti-PLC-gamma 1 antibodies completely abolished platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-dependent IP generation, whereas anti-PLC-beta 1 antibodies had no effect on PDGF-induced PLC activation. Inhibition of tyrosine phosphorylation with genistein or herbimycin A did not diminish ANG II-stimulated IP formation or cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration transients, thereby confirming that ANG II signals via a PLC-gamma 1-independent mechanism. In summary, PLC-beta 1 and PLC-gamma 1 are expressed in human aortic VSMC, and PLC-beta 1 is the isoform that is critical for ANG II-regulated PLC signaling in these cells.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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