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AAOHN J. 1997 May;45(5):239-46.

Facilitating behavior change. Use of the transtheoretical model in the occupational health setting.

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  • 1Graduate Department of Nursing, Seton Hall University, South Orange, NJ, USA.

Erratum in

  • AAOHN J 1997 Jul;45(7):341.


1. Researchers have identified five stages of change and the 10 experiential and behavioral processes most effective in helping people move from one stage to the next. This model is referred to as "transtheoretical" because it encompasses many theories of behavior change. 2. Each stage of change tends to be characterized by the use of specific processes. Experiential strategies are used most frequently by individuals in the contemplation and preparation stages of change. Behavioral processes are used most frequently by individuals in the action and maintenance stages. 3. The transtheoretical model assists providers in developing interventions targeted not only for employees who are prepared to take action, but also for the majority of the population who are not yet intending to change their behavior, or for those who are only considering a lifestyle change. 4. Using this information, the occupational health nurse can design specific interventions targeted to an individual's current stage of change, with the potential to accelerate the employee's progress toward increasing the adoption and maintenance of the desired behavior.

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