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J Nucl Med. 1997 May;38(5):675-82.

Imaging prostate cancer with technetium-99m-7E11-C5.3 (CYT-351).

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  • 1Department of Nuclear Medicine, St. Bartholomew's Hospital, London, United Kingdom.

Abstract

To evaluate the performance of the 99mTc-labeled monoclonal antibody CYT-351 in visualizing prostate cancer, radioimmunoscintigraphy (RIS) was performed in 35 patients.

METHODS:

Antibody (0.5 mg) labeled with 600 MBq 99mTc was injected intravenously after obtaining informed consent. Planar and SPECT imaging was performed at 10 min and 6-8 and 22-24 hr postinjection. The scans were evaluated for visualization of the primary focus or local recurrence, extraprostatic invasion, lymph node involvement and uptake in bone and soft tissue metastases.

RESULTS:

Thirty-six studies in 35 patients were performed. In 13/14 evaluable studies with clinically localized prostate cancer, RIS had a true-positive rate of 92% (12/13). In eight patients with previous incidental carcinoma detected during transurethral resection undertaken for clinically benign disease, there were 86% true-positive results (6/7) and one true-negative result, which were confirmed by systematic needle biopsies. In six patients with evidence of local recurrence after a previous radical prostatectomy, the true-positive rate was 100% (6/6), which was confirmed by raised or rising prostate-specific antigen levels (PSA) and/or by biopsy. In the eight patients with known metastases, the disease was visualized in 4/4 with progression but not in the 3/3 with regression; one patient demonstrated regressing disease as determined by PSA levels. The overall accuracy was 92%.

CONCLUSION:

RIS with 99mTc CYT-351 is capable of providing good quality images and yielding clinically useful information safely. It has a potentially important clinical role for patients with rising PSA levels but negative images by conventional modalities.

PMID:
9170426
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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