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J Immunol. 1997 Jun 1;158(11):5464-70.

Eosinophil adhesion regulates RANTES production in nasal epithelial cells.

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  • 1Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Chiba University School of Medicine, Chiba City, Japan.

Abstract

Among the many known chemotactic factors for eosinophils, the proinflammatory chemokine RANTES is particularly important, because it is potently and selectively chemotactic for eosinophils. Throughout the process of the migration of eosinophils from the blood vessels into the nasal cavity, eosinophil functions are assumed to be regulated by surface adhesion molecules. Conversely, the messages conferred by the eosinophils to the endothelial and epithelial cells are also of great interest. In the present study, we showed that eosinophil adhesion to human nasal epithelial cells (HNECs) inhibits RANTES production in HNECs. Eosinophils were isolated from peripheral blood obtained from patients with allergic rhinitis. Human mucosal microvascular endothelial cells and HNECs were isolated from human nasal mucosa specimens. After stimulation of the HNECs in the presence of eosinophils, the secretion of RANTES, induced by a combination of TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma, appeared to have decreased. The amount of the decrease was a function of the number of involved eosinophils. On the other hand, the presence of eosinophils did not affect RANTES production by the endothelial cells. After pretreatment of the eosinophils with anti-CD18 mAb or coculture with HNECs in Transwell culture inserts, these cells did not inhibit the TNF-alpha- and IFN-gamma-induced RANTES production. These results were virtually identical with those observed on RANTES mRNA expression. The adhesion of eosinophils to HNECs plays a key role in the inhibition of RANTES production. Our data indicate that a certain established system causes the signal transfer from eosinophils to HNECs to inhibit RANTES production, thus decreasing the eosinophil infiltration.

PMID:
9164969
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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