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J Immunol. 1997 Jun 1;158(11):5435-41.

Thrombin induces endothelial type II activation in vitro: IL-1 and TNF-alpha-independent IL-8 secretion and E-selectin expression.

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  • 1Laboratory of Immunology, INSERM Unit 387, Hospital Sainte Marguerite, Marseille, France.


In addition to its role in coagulation, thrombin is involved in the inflammatory process by inducing vessel neutrophilic infiltration. Thrombin induces endothelial P-selectin expression and platelet activating factor release, which participate to induce early neutrophil adhesion and activation. We employed HUVEC and now show that thrombin induces the production of the chemokine IL-8 in a time- and dose-dependent fashion. Similarly, thrombin induced E-selectin expression on HUVEC. Both IL-8 secretion and E-selectin expression were preceded by an increase in steady state levels of the respective mRNAs. Thrombin action on HUVEC was inhibited by the specific thrombin inhibitor, hirudin. In addition, these effects of thrombin on HUVEC were mimicked by the 14-amino acid thrombin receptor agonist peptide, which triggers the native thrombin receptor in a similar fashion to thrombin itself. Although IL-1 and TNF-alpha also induce IL-8 and E-selectin, the thrombin effects in these experiments were not mediated by those cytokines, since neither IL-1 receptor antagonist nor anti-TNF-alpha Ab inhibited the effects of thrombin. Furthermore, IL-1alpha, IL-1beta, and TNF-alpha were not detected in the supernatants of thrombin-activated HUVEC. Although intracellular IL-1alpha was found in thrombin-activated HUVEC, antisense IL-1alpha had no inhibitory effect on IL-8 secretion. These results demonstrate that in addition to short term endothelial activation, thrombin also functions as a long acting proinflammatory agent by inducing endothelial synthesis of the mediators required for neutrophils activation and extravazation during inflammation.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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