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J Clin Microbiol. 1997 Jun;35(6):1316-21.

Molecular epidemiology of antibiotic resistance of Salmonella enteritidis during a 7-year period in Greece.

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  • 1Department of Microbiology, Medical School, University of Athens, and National Reference Center for Salmonella and Shigella, Greece.

Abstract

A significant increase in the frequency of isolation of Salmonella enteritidis has been observed during recent years in Greece, parallelled by an increasing rate of resistance of this organism to antibiotics. A substantial proportion of ampicillin- and doxycycline-resistant isolates exhibited cross-resistance to drugs of other classes, such as sulfonamides and streptomycin. Isolates of human origin were overall less resistant than those of animal or food-feed origin. Indeed, strains associated with animal infections were characterized by the highest rates of resistance to several antibiotics. These phenotypic data were correlated with genotypic information concerning two distinct populations: isolates from all sources that were resistant only to ampicillin, the drug toward which resistance rates were highest, and a control group of sensitive isolates. Ampicillin resistance was due to a 34-MDa conjugative plasmid. DNA fingerprinting by macrorestriction of genomic DNA revealed two types, A and B, common to both ampicillin-resistant and -sensitive strains, with 80 to 90% of strains being of type A. However, a third type, C, was specific for the sensitive population, representing 17% of those strains. Therefore, although the majority of resistant isolates were genetically related to sensitive ones, there existed a susceptible clone which had not acquired any resistance traits.

PMID:
9163436
PMCID:
PMC229741
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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