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Front Biosci. 1996 Aug 1;1:d177-88.

New mechanisms of regulation of the genomic actions of vitamin D in bone cells: interaction of the vitamin D receptor with non-classical response elements and with the multifunctional protein, calreticulin.

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  • 1Genetics Unit, Shriners Hospital, and Department of Surgery, McGill University, Montréal, Québec, Canada H3G1A6.


Vitamin D exerts its genomic effects following binding to a specific receptor which is a member of the steroid hormone receptor superfamily. The vitamin D receptor (VDR) forms heterodimers with retinoid X receptors (RXRs) and the dimer then interacts with its cognate binding site, termed vitamin D response element (VDRE), to affect the transcription of target genes. Recent studies have identified novel sequence motifs for VDREs as well as novel protein-protein interactions involving the VDR. These will be reviewed with particular emphasis on the complex VDRE from the c-fos proto-oncogene promoter region and the inhibition of the vitamin D signal transduction pathway by the multifunctional protein, calreticulin. Thus research on the control of gene transcription by vitamin D reveals examples of molecular interplay between transcriptional regulatory pathways and provides new insight into the molecular mechanism of action of vitamin D.

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